Richard Cook

Social Perception Research Group

2022: 

Tsantani, M., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (in press). New evidence of impaired expression recognition in developmental prosopagnosia. Cortex.


Epihova, G., Cook, R., & Andrews, T. (in press). Recognition of pareidolic objects in developmental prosopagnosic and neurotypical individuals. Cortex.


Vestner, T., Flavell, J.C., Cook, R., & Tipper, S. (in press). Remembered Together: Social interaction facilitates retrieval while reducing individuation of features within bound representations. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology.


Gehdu, B.K., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (2022). Impaired grouping of ambient facial images in autism. Scientific Reports, 12, e6665. link


Vestner, T., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (2022). Sensitivity to orientation is not unique to social attention cueing. Scientific Reports, 12, e5059. link


Vestner, T., Over, H. & Cook, R. (2022). The self-consistency effect seen on the dot-perspective task is a product of domain-general attention cueing, not automatic perspective taking. Cognition, 224, e105056. pdf


Tsantani, M., Podgajecka, V., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (2022) How does the presence of a surgical face mask impair the perceived intensity of facial emotions? PLoS One, 17(1), e0262344. link


Flavell, J.C., Over, H., Vestner, T., Cook, R., Tipper, S. (2022). Rapid detection of social interactions is the result of domain general attentional processes. PLoS One, 17(1), e0258832. link


2021:

Tsantani, M., Vestner, T., & Cook, R. (2021). The Twenty Item Prosopagnosia Index (PI20) provides meaningful evidence of face recognition impairment. Royal Society Open Science, 8(11), 202062. link


Cook, R. & Over, H. (2021). Why is the literature on first impressions so focused on White faces? Royal Society Open Science, 8(9), 211146. link


Eggleston, A., McCall, C., Cook, R., & Over, H. (2021). Parents reinforce the formation of first impressions in conversation with their children. PLoS One, 16(8), e0256118. link


Lee, R., Flavell, J. C., Tipper, S., Cook, R., & Over, H. (2021). Spontaneous first impressions emerge from brief training. Scientific Reports, 11, 15024. pdf


Eggleston, A., Geangu, E., Tipper, S., Cook, R., & Over, H. (2021). Young children learn first impressions of faces through social referencing. Scientific Reports, 11, 14744. pdf


Vestner, T., Over, H., Gray, K.L.H., Tipper, S., & Cook, R. (2021). Searching for people: non-facing distractor pairs hinder the visual search of social scenes more than facing distractor pairs. Cognition, 214, 104737. pdf


Vestner, T., Over, H., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (2021). Objects that direct visuospatial attention produce the search advantage for facing dyads. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General. pdf


Bunce, C., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (2021). The perception of interpersonal distance is distorted by the Müller-Lyer illusion. Scientific Reports, 11, 494. pdf


Vestner, T., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (2021). Visual search for facing and non-facing people: the effect of actor inversion. Cognition, 208, 104550. pdf


2020:

Eggleston, A., Flavell, J., Tipper, S. P., Cook, R., & Over, H. (in press). Culturally learned first impressions occur rapidly and automatically, and emerge early in development. Developmental Science. pdf


Tsantani, M. & Cook, R. (2020). Normal recognition of famous voices in developmental prosopagnosia. Scientific Reports, 10, 19757. pdf


Tsantani, M., Gray, K.L.H, & Cook, R. (2020). Holistic processing of facial identity in developmental prosopagnosia. Cortex, 130, 318-326. pdf


Cook, R. & Over, H. (2020). A learning model can explain both shared and idiosyncratic first impressions from faces. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 117(28), 16112-16113. pdf


Over, H., Egglestone, A., & Cook, R. (2020). Ritual and the origins of first impressions. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 375(1805), 20190435. pdf


Vestner, T., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (2020). Why are social interactions found quickly in visual search tasks? Cognition, 200, 104270. pdf


Murphy, J., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (2020). Inverted faces benefit from whole-face processing. Cognition, 194, 104105. pdf

2019:

Marsh, J., Biotti, F., Cook, R., & Gray, K.L.H. (2019). The discrimination of facial sex in developmental prosopagnosia. Scientific Reports, 9, 19079. pdf 


Gray, K.L.H., Guillemin, Y., Cenac, Z., Gibbons, S., Vestner, T., & Cook, R. (2019). Are the facial gender and facial age variants of the composite face illusion products of a common mechanism? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review. pdf


Cenac, Z, Biotti, F., Gray, K.L.H, & Cook, R. (2019). Does developmental prosopagnosia impair identification of other-ethnicity faces? Cortex, 119, 12-19. pdf  


Brewer, R., Bird, G., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (2019). Face perception in autism spectrum disorder: modulation of holistic processing by facial emotion. Cognition, 193, 104016. pdf


Gray, K.L.H, Biotti, F., & Cook, R. (2019). Evaluating object recognition ability in developmental prosopagnosia using the Cambridge Car Memory Test. Cognitive Neuropsychology, 36 (1-2), 89-96. pdf


Biotti, F., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (2019). Is developmental prosopagnosia best characterised as an apperceptive or mnemonic condition? Neuropsychologia, 124, 285-298. pdf

2018:

Brewer, R., Cook, R., Cardi, V., Treasure, J., Catmur, C., & Bird, G. (in press). Alexithymia explains increased empathic personal distress in individuals with and without eating disorders. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 72(7), 1827-1836. pdf


Gray, K.L.H. & Cook, R. (2018). Should developmental prosopagnosia, developmental body agnosia, and developmental object agnosia be considered independent neurodevelopmental conditions? Cognitive Neuropsychology, 35(1-2), 59-62. pdf


Biotti, F. & Cook R. (2018). Impaired perception of facial emotion in developmental prosopagnosia: A reply to Van den Stock’s commentary. Cortex, 101, 298-299. pdf


Over, H. & Cook, R. (2018).  Where do spontaneous first impressions of faces come from? Cognition, 170, 190-200. pdf

2017:

Biotti, F., Wu, E., Yang, H., Jiahui, G., Duchaine, B., & Cook, R. (2017). Normal composite face effects in developmental prosopagnosia. Cortex, 95(10), 63-76 . pdf 


Murphy, J. & Cook, R. (2017). Revealing the mechanisms of human face perception using dynamic apertures. Cognition, 169, 25-35. pdf


Biotti, F., Gray, K.L.H., & Cook, R. (2017). Impaired body perception in developmental prosopagnosia. Cortex, 93(8), 41-49. pdf


Brewer, R., Biotti, F., Bird, G., & Cook, R. (2017). Normal integration of emotion cues from bodies and faces in Autism Spectrum Disorder. Cognition, 165(8), 82-87. pdf


Gray, K. L. H., Murphy, J., Marsh, J., & Cook, R. (2017). Modulation of the composite face effect by unintended emotion cues. Royal Society Open Science, 4(4), 160867. pdf


Gray, K. L. H., Barber, L., Murphy, J. & Cook, R. (2017). Social interaction contexts bias the perceived expressions of interactants. Emotion, 17(4), 567-571. pdf


Gray, K.L.H., Bird, G., & Cook, R. (2017). Robust associations between the 20-Item Prosopagnosia Index and the Cambridge Face Memory Test in the general population. Royal Society Open Science, 4(3), 160923. pdf 


Murphy, J., Gray, K. L. H., & Cook, R. (2017). The composite face illusion. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 24(2), 245-261. pdf 

2016:

Ipser, A., & Cook, R. (2016). Inducing a concurrent motor load reduces perceptual sensitivity for facial expressions. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance. pdf


Brewer, R., Biotti, F., Catmur, C., Press, C., Happe, F., Cook, R., & Bird, G. (2016). Can neurotypical individuals read autistic facial expressions? Atypical production of emotional facial expressions in Autism Spectrum Disorders . Autism Research, 9(2), 262-271.


Shah, P., Bird, G. & Cook, R. (2016). Face processing in autism: Reduced integration of cross-feature dynamics. Cortex, 75, 113-119. pdf


Ipser, A., Ring, M., Murphy, J., Gaigg, S. B., & Cook, R. (2016).  Similar exemplar pooling processes underlie the learning of facial identity and handwriting style: Evidence from typical observers and individuals with Autism. Neuropsychologia, 85, 169-176. pdf


Cook, R. & Biotti, F. (2016). Developmental prosopagnosia. Current Biology, 26, R312-R313. pdf


Biotti, F. & Cook, R. (2016).  Impaired perception of facial emotion in developmental prosopagnosia. Cortex, 81, 126-136. pdf

2015:

Shah, P., Gaule, A., Gaigg, S., Bird, G., & Cook, R. (2015). Probing short-term face memory in developmental prosopagnosia. Cortex, 64, 115-122. pdf


Brewer, R. Cook, R., Cardi, V., Treasure, J., Bird, G. (2015). Emotion recognition deficits in eating disorders are explained by co-occurring alexithymia. Royal Society Open Science, 2: 140382. pdf


Press, C. & Cook, R. (2015). Beyond simulation: domain-general motor contributions to perception. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 19(4), 176-178. pdf


Cook, R., Aichelburg, C., & Johnston, A. (2015). Illusory feature slowing: evidence of perceptual models of global facial change. Psychological Science, 26(4), 512-517. 


Murphy, J., Ipser, A,. Gaigg, S. & Cook, R. (2015). Exemplar variance supports robust learning of facial identity. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 41(3), 577-581. pdf


Brewer, R., Collins, F., Cook, R., Bird, G. (2015). Atypical trait inferences from facial cues in alexithymia. Emotion, 15(5), 637-643. 


Shah, P., Gaule, A., Sowden, S., Bird, G., & Cook, R. (2015). The 20-item prosopagnosia index (PI20): A self-report instrument for identifying developmental prosopagnosia. Royal Society Open Science, 6: 140343. link


Shah, P., Sowden, S., Happe, F., Cook, R., & Bird, G. (2015). Orienting towards face-like stimuli in early childhood. Child Development, 86(6), 1693-1700.


Brewer, R. Marsh, A.A., Catmur, C., Cardinale, E.M., Stoycos, S., Cook, R. & Bird, G. (2015). The impact of Autism Spectrum Disorder and alexithymia on judgments of moral acceptability. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 124(3), 589-595.


Brewer, R., Happe, F. Cook, R., & Bird, G. (2015). Alexithymia, not Autism Spectrum Disorders, is the consequence of interoceptive failure. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 56, 348-353.  

2014:

Cook, R., Bird, G., Catmur, C., Press, C., & Heyes, C. (2014). Mirror neurons: From origin to function. Brain and Behavioral Sciences, 37(2), 177-192.  pdf


Cook, R., Brewer, R., Shah, P., & Bird, G. (2014). Intact facial adaptation in autistic adults. Autism Research, 7(4), 481-490. pdf


Cook, R., Gaule, A., Aichelburg, C., & Press, C. (2014). Motor contributions to the perception of relative phase. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 40(5), 1763-1768. pdf (see commentary)


Press, C., Berlot, E., Bird, G., Ivry, R., & Cook, R. (2014). Moving time: The influence of action on duration perception. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143(5), 1787-1793. 

2013:

Cook, R., Johnston, A., & Heyes, C. (2013). Facial self-imitation: Objective measurement reveals no improvement without visual feedback. Psychological Science, 24(1), 93-98. pdf


Cooper, R., Cook, R., Dickinson, A., & Heyes, C. (2013). Associative (not Hebbian) learning and the mirror neuron system. Neuroscience Letters, 540, 28-36. pdf


Cook, R., Brewer, R., Shah, P., & Bird, G. (2013). Alexithymia, not autism, predicts poor recognition of emotional facial expressions. Psychological Science, 24(5), 723-732. pdf


Bird, G. & Cook, R. (2013). Mixed emotions: The contribution of alexithymia to the emotional symptoms of autism.  Translational Psychiatry, 3(7), e285. pdf  (link)


Cook, R., & Bird, G. (2013). Do mirror neurons really 'mirror' and do they really code for action goals? Cortex, 49,

2944-2945. pdf


Shah, P., Gaule, A., Bird, G., & Cook, R. (2013). Robust orienting to protofacial stimuli in autism. Current Biology, 23(24), R1087-R1088. pdf  (link) (see commentary)

2012:

Cook, R., Bird, G., Luenser, G., Huck, S., & Heyes, C. (2012) Automatic imitation in a strategic context: Players of Rock-Paper-Scissors imitate opponents' gestures. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 279, 780-786. pdf


Cook, R., Johnston, A., & Heyes, C. (2012). Self-recognition of avatar motion: How do I know it's me? Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 279, 669-674. pdf


Cook, R., Dickinson, A., & Heyes, C. (2012). Contextual modulation of mirror and counter-mirror sensorimotor associations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(4), 774-787. pdf


Cook, R. (2012). The ontogenetic origins of mirror neurons: Evidence from tool-use and audiovisual "mirror-neurons". Biology Letters, 8(5), 856-859. pdf


Press, C., Catmur, C., Cook, R., Widman, H., Heyes, C., & Bird, G. (2012). fMRI evidence of 'mirror' responses to geometric shapes. PLoS ONE, 7(12), e51934. pdf


Cook, R., & Furnham, A. (2012). Aesthetic preferences for architectural styles varies as a function of personality. Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 32(2), 103-114.

2011:
Cook, R., Matei, M., & Johnston, A. (2011). Exploring expression space: Adaptation to orthogonal and anti-expressions. Journal of Vision, 11(4):2, 1-9. pdf


Cook, R. & Duchaine, B. (2011). A look at how we look at others: Orientation inversion and contrast negation impair perception of bodies. Visual Cognition, 19(4), 445-468. pdf


McManus, I.C.,  Zhou, F.A., I'Anson, S., Waterfield, L., Stover, K., & Cook, R. (2011). The psychometrics of photographic cropping: The influence of colour, meaning and expertise. Perception, 40(3), 332-357. pdf


Furnham, A., Cook, R., Martin, N., & Batey, M. (2011). Mental health literacy among university students. Journal of Public Mental Health, 10(4), 198-210.

2010:

Cook, R., Press, C. Dickinson, A., & Heyes, C. (2010). Acquisition of automatic imitation is sensitive to sensorimotor contingency. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 36(4), 840-852. pdf  (see commentary)


McManus, I.C., Cook, R., & Hunt, A. (2010). Beyond the golden section and normative aesthetics: Why do individuals differ so much in their aesthetic preferences for rectangles? Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts, 4(2), 113-126. pdf